There exists a gender gap in literacy levels even now, especially in rural areas. Reservation for women will encourage girl education.
Reservation in public transport and public places prevents physical abuse & eve teasing.
As still boy child is being preferred to be educated by poor families, reservation in jobs for women bridges this gap.
Reservation in jobs helps in empowerment of women and make them economically independent which indirectly helps in improving the economic condition of family.
Political reservation for women is a justification of democracy itself and helps in improving the condition of women in society as women can address well the problems faced by them in society.
Reservations provide opportunities for women to participate in nation building and development of society.
Reservation for one gender is against gender equality.
It’s a wrong generalization. In a case where a boy from poor background and a girl from a wealthy family are competing, reservation for women have no relevance.
Giving reservation to women means again pointing out that they are less capable and cannot compete with the other gender.
There are many women in politics as well as in other fields where they achieved success without any reservation.
There are chances of misuse of the reservation by women candidates in education and job sector.
There are chances that reservation for women in politics leads to the entry of women from political background but not the common women and thus inturn encouraged family politics.
In ancient days, there were few kings who accompanied by their life partners in war and also used to take their help in ruling the kingdom.
Now, there is a reservation for women for many government jobs and educational institutions.
‘Women’s reservation bill‘ seeking reservation of women in parliament was passed in Rajya Sabha on 9 March 2010, but never get voted in Lok Sabha and it was lapsed after dissolution of 15th Lok Sabha in 2014.
In 1993 an amendment was passed which reserved one third positions of village council leader, or Pradhan, positions in gram panchayat for women.
Situation in Other parts of the World:-
India is not the only country encouraging women through reservations, around 40 other countries in the world have different reservation quota for women.
The percentage of reservation for women in few countries is as follows.
Nepal = 33%
Pakistan = 17.5%
Bangladesh = 3%
Peru, Ecuador, Paraguay, France, Portugal, Spain, Sweden = 50%.
Reservation for women has not lost its relevance because there exists a gender gap even now. But steps must be taken to avoid its misuse, by linking it to the social status of the family.
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