Causes of child labour :-

  • Poverty leads to child labour. Poor families with large numbers make their children work to keep the income steady.
  • Children are cheap source of labor compared to adults. Therefore to cut the labour costs, children are being hired as workers.

Effects of Child labour :-

  • Children are made to work in industries with hazardous chemicals, machines under harsh weather condition, result in in physical casualties and many severe diseases.
  • Numbers of harassment and child abuse cases have drastically increased in last few years most of them are sexual abuse cases occur with the girls and boys aged below 15.
  • Due to lack of education and proper guidance they get influenced by criminals and take shortcut to become rich and end up committing crimes at a tender age. The rates of juvenile crime cases are increasing day by day in India.

Present situation of child labour in India :-

According to International Labour Organization’s World Report on Child Labour 2015 and recent analysis of the Census 2011 by CRY.

  • One in every 11 children in India is working.
  • More than half of the 5 million working children in India are concentrated in five statesBihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
  • Adolescents between 15 and 17 years of age doing hazardous work form 62.8% of the overall child labour population.
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Steps taken by Indian Government :-

  • Indian government implemented innovative schemes like ‘midday meals‘ to encourage children to attend school instead of working.
  • Indian government to overcome the child labour made factory act, Mines act, child labor act etc. to safeguard the future of the children.
  • Many NGO’s are working in this field to support the child education and stop child labour ,spreading awareness with the help of government and media ,reaching to every house to minimize child labour.
  • In 2016, Indian government introduced its first ever comprehensive human trafficking law and Helpline numbers to report child labour.

What still needs to be done :-

  • As a responsible citizen we can report child labour and make sure that our society does not use child labour.
  • The government should reduce unemployment, so elders can work and their children can study.

Best practices worldwide :-

  • The IPEC project “Tackling child labour through education” (TACKLE) was launched in 2008 by ‘European Commission’ and ‘International Labour Organization’, The objective of the TACKLE project was to contribute to the withdrawal of children engaged in child labour and to prevent further entry of children into employment .
  • Country level engagement and assistance to reduce child labour (CLEAR) Project by ILO focused on providing critically needed and technical guidance support in development and implementation of national action plans, and improved implementation of policies and social programs with an impact on child labour.


Childhood is the most important phase for the development of physical and emotional abilities. The problem of child labour is stealing childhood from many children. Mere making laws to prevent it doesn’t solve the problem. Implementation of the laws on a war footing is needed.

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Afterwords :- What is your opinion on this topic? Express your thoughts in the comment section below.

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  • Satya Air force Phase - 2nd, Jul 12, 2023 @ 12:03 pm Reply

    Child labour means lost childhood. when a child goes to work in place of going school it is called child labor.They not only forced to work but also abusing many ways like sexual abusing, Child trafficking. childhood is the time when a child learn about earn but unfortunately millions of children under force labour.In daily life we see many children are working on restaurant, tea stall hostel etc Although this is not allowed yet people do not care for low. Because when money speak everything goes silent. No child below the age of 14 can be forced to work under article 24. It’s very disappointed because the highest number of children under child labour is in India. Poverty is the major reason of the child labour. Sometimes lack of eduction also is a reason for the child labour. The gov started many programs to deal with this problem like mid day meal etc. At last I would like to say that It is not only duty of gov but also common people

  • Divyasri Dasari, Jun 10, 2022 @ 10:31 pm Reply

    Ban child labour . Child labour is a crime but because of family circumstances children are also loosing their childhood and forced to do the works in teashops,hotel cleaning etc.These kind of actions should be stopped.

  • Kishan Saxena, Apr 26, 2022 @ 11:16 pm Reply

    laws and Acts can not be effective or resulting by enforcement only, follow or obey of the Rules with respect, acceptance & support in the execution of Policies by public, are the the other side of coin that can help in the strict execution of Policies and elimination of any of Social issues prevailing in our society.

  • Sukla das, Sep 11, 2020 @ 8:23 am Reply

    Poor people who cannot manage their children properly that time that children are come out from their home and known as child labour . After Rome from different way they come in teashop hotel restaurant meson made servent etc . Against the law we are taking them for our works giving poor money and also doing torcher . According to me it is very bad if we run in this way then our youths will finish . There darkness will come so early .

  • Abhishek, Nov 10, 2018 @ 8:59 pm Reply

    According to 2001cenus there are 60%children are included in child labour it shows very bad conditions of any country. Well now government has started many compaign against child labour. If any person making work by under 14years child he will be punished.

  • Vipul, Oct 24, 2018 @ 6:00 pm Reply

    my opinion about child labour is goverment and society aware the parents of children to give him education,love,care etc…

    Create employmemt for adults so they doing their work and children are studying.

    • SHRUTI SATAPATHY, May 27, 2019 @ 10:05 pm Reply

      BAN CHILD LABOUR…..!!!

      • Shubham jawla, Dec 12, 2020 @ 8:19 am Reply

        It is already ban all over the world but shameless thing is that the act for prohibiting child labour is not applicable to ground level , these acts are only in the papers ,,big challenge is to implement these act to ground level ……

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