• In 1991, there are 150 million Indians who claim themselves to be of the poor. In 2001, the number rises up to 230 million Indians.
  • According to UNICEF “Every 3.6 seconds one person dies of starvation”.
  • In India if the family’s income is not at least $1 per day, they are considered as poor.


  • Increase in population.
  • Illiteracy.
  • Unemployment.
  • Big families.
  • Lack of motivation.
  • Spending their little money for drinking, smoking instead of saving.
  • Some people cannot work. For example old aged, Some handicapped person.
  • Natural disasters such as floods, cyclone and drought.
  • Laziness.
  • Some rural areas have less communication with cities due to lack of transport facilities.
  • Instability of Govt.
  • Corruption.
  • Poor health.
  • Unequal distribution of land and resources.
  • Gambling.


  • Education must be free of cost in rural areas.
  • We should motivate them to start self-employment, and to utilize their skills( Govt. is already providing free training programs to improve skills) etc.
  • Through medical and health programs.
  • Govt. must provide water facilities, roads in the rural areas.
  • It’s better to not encourage them to be lazy, by donating money to them. There is a saying that “The worst thing you can do to eradicate poverty is start giving the poor people free rides”.
  • Increase in number of jobs.
  • Govt. must pass a rule for having a limit to the land owned by the family.
  • Govt. must increase the number of training institutes in rural areas. Because “Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.”
  • Through awareness programs about reducing population. Some poor people are remaining in poverty because of more no. of children.
  • Awareness programs about the consequences of smoking and drinking, and about saving money. Money saved is the money earned.
  • We should not encourage child labor.
  • Awareness programs about conserving rain water.
  • The black money which is in swiss bank at present, must be taken by Govt. and it should be utilized for eradicating poverty.
  • we should not encourage beggars.
Also Read :  Portrayal of women in Indian cinema


             Poverty can be be totally eradicated, if govt. and as well as we have a strong will to do so.
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