Should Hindi be the National language of India?

Should Hindi be the National language of India

Context:-

  • On 14th September 2019, which is a Hindi Diwas, the present Union Home minster Amit Shah said that ‘One Nation, One Language‘ is needed to strengthen the unity of the country. He opined that Hindi should be made the national language of India.
  • The debate on Hindi as the national language is not new. From the 1960s, there have been attempts to impose Hindi on non-Hindi speaking states. And there were widespread protests against the imposition of Hindi.
  • In the last few years, several ministers termed Hindi as ‘Rastra Basha’, which means National language.
  • In June 2017, the Central government announced that passports would now be in both Hindi and English. The President of India approved several recommendations of Parliamentary committee on official languages. Issuing government circulars in Hindi, making Hindi compulsory in CBSE schools are some among them.
  • Till now, there is no National language for India. And there are 2 official languages – English and Hindi.
  • In 2019, the Center’s push for the Hindi language through 3-language formula in the New National Education Policy’s draft created controversy.

Yes, Hindi should be the national language of India:

  • Hindi is spoken by more than half of India. As no single language is spoken by entire India, it is much better to make the majoritarian language as the national language.
  • English is not native to India, but Hindi is.

No, Hindi should not be the national language of India:

  • Almost half of India’s mother tongue is not Hindi. There are 22 officially recognized regional languages in India. Making majoritarian language as the national language is unconstitutional.
  • English is an international language and is spoken by most of the Indians. So, if Hindi is made as the national language, people who cannot speak Hindi will be at disadvantage in many things such as getting government jobs, understanding circulars etc.
  • There are widespread protests against the imposition of Hindi because non-Hindi speaking states are much more comfortable with English than Hindi.
  • Several Indian languages already dying because of the increasing usage of English. If Hindi is also made compulsory, the importance of the mother tongue will be reduced further.
  • Some people are arguing that English is not born in India and hence we should avoid using it. This statement lacks logic because all the technological innovations we are now using were born in different parts of the world. We cannot reject things just because they are not Indian.

Conclusion:-

Non-Hindi speaking states at least accepted Hindi as another official language besides English. But attempts to replace English with Hindi and trying to make it as the sole official language will threaten the unity of India. Imposing majoritarian ideals on others is against the fundamental rights of our constitution.

Your Turn…

What is your take on this topic? Do you think Hindi should be the national language of India? Express your thoughts in the comment section below. And subscribe to our blog to get new topics delivered to your email.


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8 comments

  1. The whole issue of opposition to Hindi as national language, especially in the south comes due to these reasons :
    1. North Indians, esp. Hindi speaking people will start to look down upon south indians with some kind of superiority complex. Some of them already do this.
    2. There will be simply no incentive for Hindi speaking people to learn south indian languages. Their track record of learning south indian languages is already terrible.
    3. South Indian languages will not flourish and will be swamped with Hindi in all walks of life.
    Hindi cannot be the national language unless the above 3 issues are handled properly.

    1. Do you wish to propose that the whole nation ought to speak a language which is confined to a specific region? Do you believe Tamil or Kannada has the potential to become the langauge of our whole nation? Should then all regional dialect speaker such as those who speak Assamese or Bangla should try to demand and enforce their langauge on all citizens of our nation? Hindi is the language of the majority, understood by majority. A single language will definitely advance an ease of communication among all people and regions. A sense of unity among cirizens is a direct result of a single langauge, among other factors. Various parts of northern India has several regional dialects too and so does east and west. What is the reason that southerners have issues with Hindi specifically? There is no sound basis to your conclusion that various regional dialects will cease to flourish if there is a uniform offical language. Introduction and use of english by southerners have not eradicated or weakened the use of their languages, in fact, speaking english has been immensely beneficial to their cultural, social, and economical development. Your claim that people from north will start to look down upon people from south because of their lack of understanding Hindi is absurd because then every language speaker ought to look down upon those who do not understand their native langauge. South Indians seem pretty harsh towards people from North so much so that they cheerfully accept a foreign langauge than a language which is spoken by the majority of our nation. It is truly disheartening to see people reject Hindi as they fail to discard their prejudices towards people from northern India. If in the future Hindi becomes the dominant world langauge, will then people accept it as their sole national language, and disregard the fear of being contemned by Northerns or anybody else?

  2. Hindi as we all know is spoken by majority of indians .Making hindi the national language will not have any adverse impact on other languages,If something which has had a negative impact on other indian languages is the english language which has created a sense of inferior complexibility among people who don’t speak english,Unlike english hindi is a language which is of indian origin and has more potential than english in reaching common masses,

  3. I don’t understand the immense importance people or a group of people give to a language. Tamilians think that they speak the language of Gods and so did those who spoke Sanskrit or Greek or Latin for that matter. Hindi may or may not be the language of Gods but at least a single language in a nation that every citizen knows and speaks will help in strengthening the roots of our country and also an ease of communication between all groups. I speak a dialect which have persisted for centuries even though we have accepted Hindi as our official language. All languages share a similar underlying structure, it’s the idea of identifying with people of a group who speak a single language leads to complexities. All states have the right and they should preserve their dialects or languages but also at the same time restrain themselves from open hostilities toward other languages. Tamil or Kannada etc., like it or not are regional languages and I think as a citizen of a country and not of a region, it is our responsibility and duty to be able to speak the language thay everybody understands. All the regional language speakers are happy to accept English language but not Hindi. Why? Partly because they now think that Hindi is not the language of the Gods and partly because Hindi is still not used and popular enough the way English is, which is exactly what the government is trying to do: to make Hindi a part of our national identity and to spread it globally.

  4. Imposing hindi as a national language is not correct because india is diverse with many regional languages.

  5. Hindi can never be the sole official language of a diverse country like India just because it is widely spoken. What about the majority of people who don’t have Hindi as mother tongue? English along with Hindi should be two official languages of the country. Period.

    1. What about the majority of those who don’t know English and speak Hindi. Most of them come from poor section of our society. If you persist to teach them English why cant non Hindi speaking states learn Hindi?

  6. one should not impose any language , as we are known for our diverse culture religion language and taste.

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