E-waste management

ewaste

Background :-

  • Discarded electrical or electronic devices are called as ‘e-waste (Electronic waste)’.
  • E-waste is also called as e-scrap, or Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE).
  • The electronic industry is the world’s largest and fastest growing manufacturing industry and so does e-waste.
  • The fraction of iron, aluminium, gold, copper in e-waste is over 60%,  plastic is about 30%, hazardous substances is about 2.70%, and remaining is wastage.

Causes:-

  •  The rapid growth of users of computers and other technology devices.
  •  Disposal of technology devices is not an easy task, as they contain hazardous materials.
  •  Average life span of electronic devices is decreasing as people are updating their houses with new electronic devices always.
  •  Transferring e-waste from developed countries to developing countries in the name of donations.
  •  Less life time of electronic goods.
  • Nobody is interested to reuse and repair the electronic goods as there are new products available in attractive prices.

Problems:-

  • Resources are wasted as valuable materials in e-waste are being dumped in normal wastage.
  • Toxic materials in e-waste cause severe health risk.
  • Environmental damage.
  • Land filling of e-wastes can lead to the launching of lead into the ground water.
  • When CRT (cathode ray tube) is burned, it emits toxic fumes into the air.
  • The cadmium from one mobile battery can pollute 600 m3 of water.
  •  Informal recyclers are attracting the poor people in the name of employment and making them disassemble the components with bare hands and without any precautions, which is highly dangerous for their health.

Solutions:-

  • Manufacturer must take the responsibility for the product after the completion of it’s life time to disassemble and reuse or recycle the components.
  • Customers must buy products from the manufacturers who take back their product or who offer discount on new products by taking old products.
  • Manufacturers must try to design the eco-friendly products as lead-free, halogen-free and recycled plastics.
  • Life time of products must be increased.
  • Government must take action on informal recyclers.
  • Collection centers of expired electronic and electrical goods must be there. So that e-waste will not be mixed and burned along with normal wastage.
  • Public awareness programs must be conducted because the role consumers is very high in this issue.
  • Government must collect the total data of e-waste including of legal and illegal imports from developing countries. So-that private sector will come forward to invest in the e-waste projects if they know the approx data and if they are sure of returns.

Conclusion:-

            Government, manufacturers of electronic and electrical goods and public together must take responsibility to develop a good and healthy world.

Afterwords :- What are your thoughts on this topic? Feel free to express your opinion in the comment section below.

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7 comments

  1. hlw ,friends i am prasanta .first of all i want to say that it is mandatory to recycle the e product.In the present scenario people generally want to change their daily used product of less price.company also manufactures this type of product having short life span.e product is also there.by recycling e product , not only save our money,but it will bring revolutionary change in our health and surrounding.e product mainly contains 60 % of metal and 20% of plastic and other harmful component.so simply if we take parts of mobile like battery of it ,it contains cadmium which is very much dangerous for water,causes water pollution.dangerous metal lead is also there in some e product.if we burn them they produce harmful gases so we can not burn them with wastageand we can dump them in somewhere.only thing we can do that is recycling.govt should make a policy that every manufactures should include recycling of their respective products and they should increase lifespan of product.govt should take step against illegal recycle company because they are making the health of poor people worse to worst day by day.so with the cautious of public ,govt and as well as manufacturer we can save ourselves ,future generation and environment by recyling e product.

  2. According to me E-waste management nowadays it is very important issue because no families are there who don’t use electronic and electrical devices. After their life span we dump it like a normal garbage but it is very bad for our health. When when we dispose this garbage like normal garbage it emits gas it very dangerous for our health as well as environment, i.e manufacturers should manufacturing increase life time of electronic and electrical devices. Some people they purchase this dis- function devices and dis-assemble it .In the name of employment they take the poor people to dis-assemble by their bare hand ,this is very bad for their health. So manufacturer has to take the responsibility to manufacture environment friendly devices and life time devices because people don’t want to repair or re-use it. They want to purchase update devices in their house.

  3. The idea that Government, manufacturers of electronic and electrical goods and public together must take responsibility to develop a good and healthy world is nice. People need awareness on this issue.

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