Theme :-

  • Bharath Bandh in April 2018 caused the death of 9 people and many people were injured due to violent protests.
  • The reason behind this bandh is the order of Supreme Court that prohibited immediate arrests under SC/ST act as it is the one of the most abused act. Till now, many innocent people were falsely accused of abusing dalits and were immediately sent to jail on a mere complaint without any enquiry.

What is Bandh :-

  • Bandh is a form of protest. It is a kind of civil-disobedience. When bandh is called, people are expected to stay at homes and do not go to work or school. Bandh may be called for a place, city, state or to the entire nation.

Motive behind Bandhs :-

  • If people do not like the step taken by government, any organization or political parties of opposition call for a bandh to express their protest against the move. Bandh also attracts the attention of media and public. This attention is used to make them aware of the consequences of the move by government.

Points to support ban on Bandhs :-

  • Though right to protest is a fundamental right, people do not have right to take away the fundamental rights of others such as going to their work, doing their personal works etc. Not everyone is against to the changes by government. Some people may support it and may not support the ban. Forcing them to stay at home is undemocratic.
  • Bandhs causes a lot of inconvenience to common people especially who have medical and personal emergencies at that time. Daily wage laborers will be at more loss as most of them do not even have money to buy food for that day.
  • Many times, bandhs are called for even the silliest reasons.
  • Halting everything for a day results in a huge loss to Indian economy.
  • Industries are also one of the worst hits. Investors may lose interest to invest in manufacturing sector as bandh by anyone results in the loss to them.
  • Most of the bandhs results in violence. Some political parties and organizations intentionally causes violence by setting public properties on fire, by destroying vehicles and by injuring the common people.
  • In 1998, Kerala government banned political parties from calling for a bandh. Supreme Court also held the decision. But the phenomenon of bandhs did not stop.
  • In 2012, parents of school children of Andhra Pradesh protested against the bandhs and demanded to add schools into ESMA (Essential Services and Management Act). institutions that come under ESMA should work irrespective of the bandh. Medical services is also under this act.
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Points to oppose ban on Bandhs :-

  • When India is under British rule, Indians do not have right to protest. Several freedom fighters were arrested under sedition act when they protested against the ruthless rule of the government. Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi were also among those who got arrested for protesting. And hence while drafting our constitution, right to protest was specifically discussed. Right to protest is a hard earned fundamental right.
  • Some organizations and political parties are not in support of the ban on bandhs because they opine that banning bandhs may be followed by banning protests altogether.
  • In 2017, Supreme court rejected a petition to ban bandhs and said right to protest is a valubale right.
  • Without calling for bandh, oppostion parties may not able to put pressure on government, if their actions are undemocratic.

Conclusion :-

Bandh is only one form of protest. There are many other ways to protest. Political parties and organizations can silently protest at one particular place such as public park and can avoid causing inconvenience to common public.

Especially in this modern era, where there is social media and 24/7 news coverage, there is no need to call for bandhs to make public aware of the issue. If people agree with the protest, they do join in pressuring the government to review its decision.

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  • Tinku paul, Sep 19, 2018 @ 7:00 am Reply

    According to me Bandh should ban because Bandh is not solution. When ruling party takes decision but opposition party doesn’t want to accept it they call Bandh and want to put pressure on Govt. But Bandh is not solution – first of all call Bandh poor people daily wager they suffer because they will not get their income even they will not be able to purchase their food secondly some of the people support bandh and some of them not support and they want to go to their workplace but that party call for a Bandh they should not forcibly stop them and Bandh means huge loss of Indian economy. So Bandh is not solution. Nowadays electronic media and social media very strong if people want to put pressure to the Govt they can gather into public place and express their opinion , in a democratic country everybody has right to express their opinion but should not create trouble. Sometimes we see Bandh means violence , create tension , fight, bombing , stab injury sometimes gun shot people get injured and even death. Actually purpose is to put pressure to the government of there is public outrage govt has to think and take care of the people

  • Abhishek trivedi, Apr 6, 2018 @ 4:12 pm Reply

    A very warm welcome to the sentiments of different classes of societies,.
    I dont support BHARAT BAND, as it will slow down the economy for the whole week every week is important when the working in offices are concerned.This is not the way to show their agitation.

    there are different ways they can approach media, parliament to raise their voice what they will get from destroying railway track, setting fire to vehicle what they have to do with your bandh..

    • Team GD Ideas, Apr 7, 2018 @ 6:47 am Reply

      couldn’t agree more!

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