• Since February 2022, the Russian-Ukrainian war has been ongoing. As of December 2022, 42k people had died in the war, and many more had been injured. Approximately 1.4 crore people were displaced. The infrastructure of Ukraine has been severely damaged.

Russia-Ukraine war:

  • Earlier, in March 2014, Russia invaded Crimea (a part of Ukraine) and declared it as a part of Russia by stating that it took the move to protect the ethnic Russians in the region. This has started the Russia-Ukraine conflict. At that time, an armed conflict took place in the Donbas region of Ukraine too, which is a part of the broader Russo-Ukrainian War. Minsk agreement 1 (September 2014), an international agreement aimed at implementing a ceasefire was drafted, but it couldn’t solve the crisis. So, the Minsk agreement 2 (February 2015), was drafted and both countries agreed to implement a ceasefire.
  • Ukraine has had a partnership with NATO since 1992. It applied for NATO membership in 2008. But the process was paused in 2010. But after Russia annexed Crimea in 2014, Ukraine restarted its plans to join NATO. Russia has been strongly opposing Ukraine’s plans to join NATO. Russia is against NATO’s eastward expansion stating that the expansion is a threat to its security. Russia’s President Vladimir Putin demanded a legally binding guarantee that Ukraine will not join NATO and also NATO should not conduct any military activity in Eastern Europe.
  • Since November 2021, Russia has started amassing tens of thousands of soldiers and military equipment near Ukraine’s border. On 21st February 2022, Russia recognized Donetsk, and Luhansk as separate countries. They are internationally recognized as part of Ukraine. After recognising them as separate countries, Russia announced that its troops will enter the separatist republics as peacekeeping forces, which further increased the tensions between Russia and Ukraine.
  • Several countries including the US, the UK and the European Union opposed the recognition of Donetsk, and Luhansk as republics and imposed limited sanctions on Russia.
  • On 24th February 2022, Russia started invading Ukraine by land, air and sea stating that it is a special military operation. Explosions were reported in several cities in Ukraine on the same day.
  • Since then, it is estimated that 42k people died during the war, and many more were injured. Approximately 1.4 crore people were displaced. Several people went to other countries as refugees. The infrastructure of Ukraine has been severely damaged.
  • Even though Ukraine’s armed forces are heavily outnumbered by Russia’s armed forces, civilians of Ukraine joined the fight to defend their country.
  • The international community condemned Russia for declaring war. Several countries imposed sanctions on the country.
  • The Russia-Ukraine conflict affected the global economy negatively. It hiked the prices of several commodities including energy and food. Russia and Ukraine account for 10% and 3% of global wheat production. Wheat is the main staple food in many countries around the world. Moreover, Russia is one of the largest producers of crude oil and natural gas.

  • Several countries are sending financial and humanitarian aid to Ukraine. The US is the largest provider of military assistance to Ukraine. The country is sending military equipment to help Ukraine defend itself against the attacks.

  • It is estimated that $1 trillion is needed to rebuild Ukraine.
Also Read :  BIMSTEC


The Russia-Ukraine war was started in February 2022 and has been ongoing for the past 10 months. There can be no military solution to this crisis. Hence world leaders should unite to end the war and restore peace in Ukraine.

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  • Prathamesh, Dec 27, 2022 @ 7:57 pm Reply

    @ Team GD Ideas, Your articles have helped me a lot in preparing for SSB GD . Can you plz. develop a
    dedicated section concerning about India’s relation with it’s neighbours .

  • Amrendra Rajpoot, Oct 5, 2022 @ 8:03 pm Reply

    Good 👍

  • S Khan, Sep 2, 2022 @ 11:52 pm Reply

    On 22 Feb 2022, Russia invaded ukrain as because ukrain wants to join NATO which Russia took it seriously about threat to its national security and sovereignty. Therefore Russia wants in writing from Ukraine that it does not join NATO and NATO also console about not granted the membership to ukraian. There are several other reasons also behind this war which including:-
    1. Cremia. In 2014, Russia took cremia from Ukraine and since than both countries have fought with each other.

    2. Recognition of Donbas Region.
    Since Dec 2021, Russia deployed it’s Army in the Donbas Region. Later on Russia recognised Donetsk and Luhansk as independent nation and Russian army allowed to enter into Ukraine through this region. Many countries like USA, UK and France opposed Russian action towards invasion on ukrain.
    3. Russian economy is totally depend upon oil and natural gases and most of its gas supplied to western countries and the pipeline is passes through ukrain which ukrain charged for it. Russia took it serious. Moreover prior to breAk off the USSR, Russia among the most powerful country and as per the policy no country will join the NATO. So Russia become worried about the inclusion of other countries in NATO. Moreover Russia wants to est it’s dominance in this region and wants to controlled the natural resources of NATo.

  • Brajesh Kumar, Aug 5, 2022 @ 8:06 am Reply

    Digital india , russian Ukraine war ,indian defence system etc topic for Air force GD

    • Team GD Ideas, Aug 6, 2022 @ 9:15 am Reply


  • Sam, Jul 13, 2022 @ 11:06 pm Reply

    Earlier, in March 2014, Russia invaded Crimea (a part of Ukraine) Due to this move, Ukrainians got worried that they would loose the sovereignty of their country and so they are trying to Join NATO as to protect their nation from the Russia.Both the nations are fighting for their security. Russia should deal this another way not by bombing. Many civilians died in Ukrainia.

  • Drupad, Apr 29, 2022 @ 1:03 am Reply

    I can’t download pdf please help

    • Team GD Ideas, Apr 30, 2022 @ 10:03 am Reply

      We will add the pdf option in a couple of days, Drupad.

  • Varun Banthia, Mar 29, 2022 @ 10:13 am Reply

    Russian overreacted in this situation. There is no need to simply go and attack one sovereign nation and took thousands of life and push the whole world in deep panic situation and economic crisis. This situation can be handled diplomatically and strategically. In this current world where all the countries are interlinked with one another through various means, there is no place of full fledged war against any other country otherwise this havoc will have a severe impact on our world society and its future.

  • Divya, Mar 8, 2022 @ 1:34 pm Reply

    Please correct the dates

    • Team GD Ideas, Mar 10, 2022 @ 10:38 pm Reply

      Thank you for the correction Divya.

    • Viplav Chauhan, Mar 14, 2022 @ 8:42 pm Reply

      Please provide me my topic

    • K.K.Mishra, Mar 22, 2022 @ 7:32 am Reply

      It’s true that Russia done explosion on Ukraine but it’s also true if Ukraine join NATO then it is very harmful for Russia because rest country of NATO is not want to Russian growth.
      Everyone looking for security, then why not Russia.
      Both countries should agreed on a conclusion, because, if then not make peace then It can be 3rd world war

      • Bala Aditya, May 24, 2022 @ 8:17 pm Reply

        You are saying that Russia is looking for security right, but I do not see the idea of security of one’s country by attacking another country i.e. ukraine.

  • Nikhil Neware, Mar 5, 2022 @ 7:47 pm Reply

    As of now India is also playing a important role in stoping the war. As 20,000 Indian students were evacuating Ukrain and the peole who were stuck in Karkiv were evacuated and for almost 8 hrs war was stopped to evacuate people. And one of the Russia’s space mission were taken only India as part of it and dropped many countries who were supporting Ukrain or NATO.
    From this we came to know that how important is India in this war.

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