• In the 5th meeting of NITI Aayog Governing council which took place in June 2019, NITI Aayog had proposed that only electric vehicles will be sold in India from the year 2030 

The need for the transition to electric vehicles:-

  • Vehicular pollution is one of the major causes of air pollution. By switching to Electric vehicles, we can solve this issue. As per the report by the government, with this move, carbon emissions will be reduced by 37% by the year 2030. This will also help in our fight against climate change. As India is committed to bringing down its share of global emission by 2030 as per the Paris climate agreement, replacing diesel and petrol vehicles with electric vehicles will help us in achieving this goal.
  • As the number of people who are buying vehicles is rising, the air quality will worsen further. So, there is a need to address this challenge.  
  • As of 2019, India is importing crude oil for 82% of its oil requirement. By using electric vehicles, we can reduce the dependence on other countries for oil imports. 

Steps taken by the Indian government:- 

  • To encourage consumers to buy electric vehicles, the Indian government removed the registration fee for EVs from June 2019. It is also assigning green number plates for electric vehicles for using eco-friendly option. 
  • Indian government plans to set up a number of charging stations in the near future.
  • NITI Aayog has also suggested starting E-highway project, which contains an overhead electricity network to continuously supply electricity to the electric truck. 
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  • Motivating common people to buy an electric vehicle is a challenge. At present, the cost of electric vehicles is much higher than engine-powered vehicles. Making them affordable is a big task for the government and automobile industries.
  • Building infrastructure for charging stations is also another challenge for the Indian government. 
  • Even though the imports of crude oil will be reduced, we will have to depend on Li-ion imports for batteries of EVs.  
  • The people who bought electric vehicles have issues with the speed and charging time, the efficiency of batteries and driving range. To promote the sales of EVs, these things need to be addressed. 
  • Training people in using EVs is also another challenge. 


Ita good thing to switch to EVs, as its an environment-friendly option, but the government should ensure that the transition will be smooth.

Photo by Mike Bird from Pexels

Your Turn…

What is your point of view on Electric vehicles in India? Express your thoughts through the comment section below. And subscribe to our blog to read answers to the trending GD topics.

Copyright @ Group Discussion Ideas.


  • Raghuraj thakur, Aug 3, 2021 @ 10:59 pm Reply

    According to me it Will be a good step for our country to change vicle engined vehicle into electric vihcle there are many benefits of this step like wise we will not be depends upon others countries for oil its mean we will be free from oil problem
    But everything have it’s pros and con’s so same as here by using electric vihcle we can solve the problems of oil and pollution but we had to face the problems of Evs

  • satyajit sahoo, Jan 13, 2021 @ 5:08 pm Reply

    For my point of view it is a good initiative taken by our indian government.after the use of electic vechile the air pollution will also reduced.most of the big cities in india like mumbai,delhi,bangaluru and chennai are highly polluted due to uses of machine engine.the emmision of carbon diaoxide is also high.people were suffering many respiratory to reduce the air pollution in our environment electric vechile is a good alternative.motivate common people to purchased this vechile is a challenging for government.the price of the electric vechile is more expensive than normal vechile.government have to do a lot of things like more infrastructure, charging stations and developed automobile industries. for me it is a good step towards our development. Thanks….

  • kaushal upadhyay, Dec 30, 2020 @ 8:06 pm Reply

    In my views I think that the use of electric vehicles should be a mandatory step which should be adopted by country in upcoming we have to attain sustainable development .As we can see that world is developing very fast due to which the rate of pollution is increasing rapidly,so their is a need to stop it .as we can see during covid pandemic ,at the time of lockdown due to stopped movement of petrol,diesel operated motor vehicles the air quality index has reduced to a great extend, and many intellactuals also said at that time that the mother earth is healing .
    So after introduction of electric vehicles their will be a great reduction in pollution .

  • Pankaj kumar sharma, Feb 21, 2020 @ 3:13 am Reply

    if the government will gave some benefit or we can say discount for buyer at initial stage then buyer may attract. charging is major problem in initial stage but by the year of 2025 most of the it company provide the charging facility at there parks.if government set a large infrastructure for making electric Vehicles in own country it will also increased the job opportunities for youth and will effect on economic of our country.

  • Rohit kuntal, Nov 9, 2019 @ 6:42 am Reply

    According to my point of view electric vehicle should be implemented in India as we know most of air quality is worsen by the use of vehicles and I think.if we use electric vehicles it will get reduces and carbon emissions also will decreased so we have to use electric vehicles mostly in our life

  • Green Arrow., Nov 5, 2019 @ 9:39 am Reply

    I think it is a good idea to switch from transitional vehicles to electric vehicles in the coming decade if we want to reduce pollution and save the environment. Infrastructure has always been a major problem in the country which needs to be addressed. Still, there are areas in the country where petrol pumps have not been installed and setting up charging stations is not going to be an easy task. The price factor is also going to play an important role and it has to be made pocket-friendly for the ordinary public.

  • Manjit, Oct 28, 2019 @ 4:10 pm Reply

    Using electric vehicle in place of engine vehicle will definitely reduced the carbon emissions there control the pollution. But the idea is on just paper still. Govt have to do a lot of in this to make it possible. There is a need to implement this in a manner segments. The cities which are more polluted govt should implement EVs firstly in these cities. And more importantly, Govt should try to implement on public transportation. The fare of public transport should be reasonable too to encourage people to use public transport and restrict movement of own vehicle. Moreover, lots of more to be done by the govt such as providing subsidy to purchase EV, perferernce in parking area, increase efficiency of lithum batteries and providing charging stations etc.

  • Ashok Kumar, Oct 27, 2019 @ 3:07 pm Reply

    It’s is good idea but more challengable also to convince public to buy this vehicle…

  • Ravindra Kisan Kedar, Sep 26, 2019 @ 12:49 pm Reply

    It is a good idea(i.e. EV) for option of engine powered vehicles because we can reduce the pollution from such vehicles.

  • Vikas Shivram Wadhave, Aug 12, 2019 @ 8:43 am Reply

    Yes,It’s Very Important To Develop The Electric Vehical & To Reduce​ The pollution Of India,Because Now A Days Common People Suffering Too Much To Purchase The Petrol & Diesel To Drive The Vehicle.


  • Arun, Aug 11, 2019 @ 8:59 pm Reply

    Govt is now focusing on more renewable power like Solar but there are challenges to run the coal based power plants according to Solar power generation.

  • Amjith, Jun 21, 2019 @ 9:17 pm Reply

    A drastical improvement on electricity production is must then. And if traditional ways fails to address the issue, nuk is the only solution. That means more nuk plants all over the country.

    • Modith Varma, Aug 27, 2019 @ 10:58 pm Reply

      It’s a good initiative taken by the Indian government. The government needs to keep a good number of charging stations as the power of electric vehicles are less when compared to petrol and diesel vehicles. there will be a drastic change in the automobile industry in the country.the batteries which are designed for the electric need to be in such a way that they need to rechargeable with the help of solar energy so that they could travel a bit longer. As pollution is being increased these electric cars play a major role in decreasing the pollution of the country by being eco-friendly….

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