Citizenship (Amendment) Bill

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill

Theme :-

  • In January, Lok Sabha passed Citizenship amendment bill, 2016 which seeks to amend Citizenship act 1955.
  • This bill seeks to provide citizenship to illegal migrants who belongs to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian religious communities and from Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan. The bill prevents these illegal migrants from being imprisoned and deported.
  • It proposes to grant permanent citizenship to these migrants after staying in India for 6 years as opposed to earlier rule of 11 years.
  • The Bill allows cancellation of Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) registration for violation of any law. This creates panic among Overseas Citizens of India.

In Favor :-

  • India has a moral obligation to provide homeland to those who are rendered stateless. Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan are India’s neighbour countries, which have a history of persecuting religious minorities. Several migrants from these regions appealed to India for citizenship, because it will be very difficult for them to get citizenship in any other country.
  • Indian government made it clear that these migrants can stay anywhere in India and not just in northeast.
  • Government promised to take steps to protect and promote Assam’s indigenous people’s interests, language & culture. Formation of a high-level committee is proposed.
  • Indian government is also proposing to give scheduled tribe status to 6 Assamese ethnic communities. This will eventually give tribal status to Assam, which provides special benefits.

Against :-

  • This bill puts pressure on Assamese natural resources and employment opportunities. It threatens to dilute the culture and language of indigenous people of Assam.
  • Though government mentioned that the migrants of particular religions can stay anywhere in India and not just the northeast, it didn’t take steps to distribute the migrant populations in the states of India. In the absence of steps from government, the migrants tend to stay in Northeastern states because of the familiarity and because of the fear of staying in unknown region.
  • It discriminates people of only one religion, that is Muslims. This is against the secular nature of India. Many leaders struggled hard in the past to not let India become a Hindu country. But the present steps taken by Indian government may make the past leaders’ effort go into vain. This may also make Indian Muslims insecure.
  • When India is trying to provide homeland to refugees, why is it giving homeland to only people from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh and why not to people of Myanmar, Nepal, Srilanka etc.? India’s stance on Rohingya muslim refugees from Myanmar was not positive.
  • This bill violates Article 14, which guarantees equality to everyone irrespective of their religion whether they are citizens of India or not.
  • Several protests in the past about the influx of migrants from Bangladesh resulted in ‘Assam Accord of 1985’, which states that illegal migrants from Bangladesh that came after March 1971 would be deported. Citizenship amendment bill is against to Assam Accord of 1985.
  • This bill threatens the federal nature of Indian constitution, because it was passed though the North eastern states are not supporting it.

Conclusion :-

Though the intention of providing homeland to refugees is noble, its implementation should not create panic among other people. India is a democratic country and hence the government should consider the interests of everyone.

Instead of assigning the responsibility of migrants to only Northeastern states, government should effectively take steps to distribute the people among all states of the country. This bill will further alienate the Northeastern states from the rest of the country because their interests are not taken into proper consideration. And discriminating against a particular religion is against to the secular nature of our country and is not at all right.

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5 comments

  1. According to me India is democratic country. We have concept of secularism I e we Hindu , Muslim,Sikh, Christian and other communities people stay together. India is vast populated country already 1.30 millions people stay there and population is increasing day by day . Those are actually resident in India they are in trouble. Govt passed the bill it’s good for we Indians. Even those outsiders are staying 6 years at a time they also will get Citizenship. Refugees are different and infiltrator is different. Those they leave the country by forcibly, Govt. will give them shelter but those are illegally entering our country they will not get the chance to stay here. Bangladesh, Pakistan is our neighbouring country if people apply their Citizenship they can stay here , any where in India but not the Northeast. Because Northeast their language and culture is different and Govt promised and promote them. So according. to me those are Indian they don’t have any problem. Though Violence is going on all the states , according to me it’s a political gimmick and vote bank but those people are actually Indian they don’t have any problems.

  2. I’m against the step taken by the government of India because India has a vast population and of these all does not have citizenship so firstly provisions for these people should be made to give them their identity.
    India being a secular country cannot even imagine of this bill. This will again create a riot between Hindu-Muslim, which has never been stable. If so happens, now we cannot blame Muslims because they have the legal right according to Article 14, to be recognized and treated equally as par with the Indians.
    Lastly saying the Government should think of improving its economy growth and by taking this action the economy might suffer more and the India’s dream of becoming superpower and dollar trillion economy might go in vain.

  3. India already has a population of 1.3 billion people and it cannot afford to bring in more people and share it’s already depleting resources.

  4. There may be chance of intrusion of terrorism because of this bill… Before passing this bill government has to arrange proper security arrangements which should never fail to identify terrorists…

  5. I am against of this bill as this bill violates the secular states of our constitution. We have a good relationship with other neighbouring countries like Nepal, srilanka so people belongs from this countries also get the permission to take permanent citizenship of India if they want.

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