Should reservations be based on economic status?

Should reservations be based on economic status?

Theme :-

  • At present, In India there are reservations on caste basis. There is a particular percentage of seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST), Scheduled Castes (SC) & Other Backward Classes (OBC) in Education and Employment. For Other Castes (OC), there is no reservation at all (Except in Maharastra, where Marathas got reservation recently). Many people find it discriminatory towards OCs and are demanding that reservation should be based on economic status rather than on caste.

In Favor :-

  • When the concept of caste reservations was brought in India, Dr. B R Ambedkar, the chief architect of Indian constitution added a rule that these reservations should exist only for 15 years, and can be renewed for another few years if the need is still there. But no government took the risk of ending reservations altogether with the fear of losing their vote banks. It’s been 67 years since the constitution came into force. So, it’s time for a relook into the caste reservation system.
  • If we analyse the statistics of below poverty line people, we can observe that there are poor people in all communities including communities that fall under OCs. Caste based reservations are discriminatory towards poor of OCs. For example, if 2 poor people with same score in the exam, one belongs to OBC and another belongs to OC applies to the last seat available in a college that allows reservations, person that belongs to OBC will get the admission, and the one that belongs to OC won’t. If a student who belongs to SC applies to the same seat, he will be chosen. Why should people be discriminated based on birth? If the reservation system is based on economic status, both students would have equal chances to grab that seat.
  • Only a few families are utilising reservations for many generations. There is no rule that if a person got job due to reservation, his/her child should not utilise reservation. Due to this, people who are already enjoying the benefits of reservation, using reservation again and again though they do not need it at all. And some other people are still not able to utilize reservation due to the wealthy in their communities. For example, if there are 10 seats reserved for STs in a college, children of poor, illiterate people have to compete with children of wealthy families in the same community. Those who already utilized reservations can afford to train their children in quality institutes and hence they can easily get the admission. Reservation on economic basis can solve this problem.
  • Indian constitution advocates equality, but is not upholding the principle in reservations, especially when considering the fact that rich and poor exists in all communities.
  • Caste divisions are hatred among communities is increasing due to reservations. Many communities in several states of India are fighting to give them reservations. And the consequence is people are increasingly associating with their caste. The interesting fact is that before the first caste census by British government (1881) in India, many people do not even know what their caste is. From then, the idea of caste is deeply ingrained in the Indian society. Now the reservations are making the situation even worse.

Against :-

  • Many people term reservations as a consolation for facing discrimination some decades ago. But it’s not. Communities that belongs to SC & ST faced discrimination and abuse for many decades. They were denied of quality education and healthcare. Most of them were poor at the time of independence. At that time, not all schools were willing to teach these communities and not all employees were willing to hire them for jobs. And as a result poverty in the communities would have continued for many more generations. But reservations provided positive discrimination for them and uplifted many people. Now, there are rich and middle class in these communities and that is because of reservations. Even now, if we observe the statistics of below poverty line people, a high percentage of them belong to SC & ST. And high percentage of rich and middle classes belong to OBC & OC. Still people of some communities are facing abuse in the name of caste. One case study revealed that people of some communities find it difficult to get a home for rent, and a temporary job if they revealed their caste names. These things justify caste based reservation, because people belonging to Other Castes do not have to go through all this to move to a new city, to get education and to get a job.
  • For poor people of OC, there are poverty alleviation schemes and special quotas such as ‘Economically Backward Classes’ (EBC) quota etc.
  • Removing caste based reservation and replacing it with reservations based on economic status will face so much opposition and the legal fight may take decades. Instead if we slowly eliminate the system of caste, there will be a scope for the reservations based on economic status. If you too want to eliminate caste system, please sign this petition – Create ‘Humanity’ caste & allow everyone to migrate to it.
  • If there are reservations on economic basis, people who work hard for a financially stable life will feel discouraged. There will be no incentive for working hard. Some people may not work hard and just live on government benefits.
  • In India, it’s easy to hide some income resources and to get a false income certificate. Though the situations are changing for the better, it is not that difficult.

Conclusion :-

No one deserves to take the pain for greater good (reservations). It’s time to make changes in caste based reservation system. Reservations based on the economic status is not the right solution either.

Instead of adding new communities to the reservation quotas, continuously removing people that do not need reservation benefits will ensure that the reservation benefits will reach only for deserving ones. Efforts from people like voluntarily giving up reservation also helps a lot. This process can slowly eliminate the concept of reservation.

Your Turn…

What is your opinion on this topic? Do you think reservations be based on economic basis? Express your thoughts in the comment section below. Subscribe to our blog to receive updates whenever a new post is published.

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  1. According to me the reservation on basis of economic status is justified because there are many people in this country who are from General category but are financially weak. There are many people who deserve better chance to prove themselves but just that they are from general category they miss that opportunity. In India though the ritual of reservation is going on from long time there is need to make some modifications like provision to willingly give up reservation and only one time availing it in one generation moreover only giving it till education level and not in government jobs.
    According to me reservation on any basis is detremental to country’s progress like India where we have the highest percentage of human resource in working age and our efforts should be to make them capable and skilled and not to give them ready made food so that they will forget how to earn it.

  2. I think reservation must be based on economical status because those who are belonging to upper caste economically weaker section they will not get any opportunity from government. As we know in our society we have equal rights to explore ourselves, then why should only st ,sc got this huge opportunity in education and employment sector, they also have equal rights to grab this reservation quota in some percentage. And today we are more literate and our society is much more educative than ancient time, so why should we will discriminate between lower caste and upper caste people. We are living in 21st century and we should needed to more focus on technology development not on such cheap discrimination between caste system. That’s all thank you.

  3. In my point of view,reservation policy on caste basis should not be abolished rather it should need bit of modification. Reservation should be there in upliftment of people who deserve rather than giving them ready made solution or ie seats in colleges or schools.let us take an example there are two children with same age, height and so on,a sweet jar is just kept to a height one child is able to take out sweets with his or her own initiatives but another is not able to get we must not carry the weak child and directly reach to the jar instead we should teach her or train her to reach the destination..

  4. According to me caste reservation system should be based on economic status. SC and ST people they have already uplifted their status , earlier they are not economically sound but they have got government job and their children goes to school, inspite of that they are enjoying the government facilities. But many families are there ,they are not financially sound inspite of that they are getting the chance in reputed school or government job, may be in the house no male members are there , they are not getting the chance because of they are general caste. So the day has come to change the caste reservation system. After independence long time passed but no government take initiative to change the reservation system because of vote bank. Those required they should get the facility, for example a woman can get married a SC or ST people because she knows her next generation they will get all the reservation facility but they are financially sound otherwise one poor man he is not getting the chance. Government should take initiative and change the reservation system.

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