Should reservations be based on economic status?

Theme :-

  • At present, In India there are reservations on caste basis. There is a particular percentage of seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST), Scheduled Castes (SC) & Other Backward Classes (OBC) in Education and Employment. For Other Castes (OC), there is no reservation at all (Except in Maharastra, where Marathas got reservation recently). Many people find it discriminatory towards OCs and are demanding that reservation should be based on economic status rather than on caste.

In Favor :-

  • When the concept of caste reservations was brought in India, Dr. B R Ambedkar, the chief architect of Indian constitution added a rule that these reservations should exist only for 15 years, and can be renewed for another few years if the need is still there. But no government took the risk of ending reservations altogether with the fear of losing their vote banks. It’s been 67 years since the constitution came into force. So, it’s time for a relook into the caste reservation system.
  • If we analyse the statistics of below poverty line people, we can observe that there are poor people in all communities including communities that fall under OCs. Caste based reservations are discriminatory towards poor of OCs. For example, if 2 poor people with same score in the exam, one belongs to OBC and another belongs to OC applies to the last seat available in a college that allows reservations, person that belongs to OBC will get the admission, and the one that belongs to OC won’t. If a student who belongs to SC applies to the same seat, he will be chosen. Why should people be discriminated based on birth? If the reservation system is based on economic status, both students would have equal chances to grab that seat.
  • Only a few families are utilising reservations for many generations. There is no rule that if a person got job due to reservation, his/her child should not utilise reservation. Due to this, people who are already enjoying the benefits of reservation, using reservation again and again though they do not need it at all. And some other people are still not able to utilize reservation due to the wealthy in their communities. For example, if there are 10 seats reserved for STs in a college, children of poor, illiterate people have to compete with children of wealthy families in the same community. Those who already utilized reservations can afford to train their children in quality institutes and hence they can easily get the admission. Reservation on economic basis can solve this problem.
  • Indian constitution advocates equality, but is not upholding the principle in reservations, especially when considering the fact that rich and poor exists in all communities.
  • Caste divisions are hatred among communities is increasing due to reservations. Many communities in several states of India are fighting to give them reservations. And the consequence is people are increasingly associating with their caste. The interesting fact is that before the first caste census by British government (1881) in India, many people do not even know what their caste is. From then, the idea of caste is deeply ingrained in the Indian society. Now the reservations are making the situation even worse.
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Against :-

  • Many people term reservations as a consolation for facing discrimination some decades ago. But it’s not. Communities that belongs to SC & ST faced discrimination and abuse for many decades. They were denied of quality education and healthcare. Most of them were poor at the time of independence. At that time, not all schools were willing to teach these communities and not all employees were willing to hire them for jobs. And as a result poverty in the communities would have continued for many more generations. But reservations provided positive discrimination for them and uplifted many people. Now, there are rich and middle class in these communities and that is because of reservations. Even now, if we observe the statistics of below poverty line people, a high percentage of them belong to SC & ST. And high percentage of rich and middle classes belong to OBC & OC. Still people of some communities are facing abuse in the name of caste. One case study revealed that people of some communities find it difficult to get a home for rent, and a temporary job if they revealed their caste names. These things justify caste based reservation, because people belonging to Other Castes do not have to go through all this to move to a new city, to get education and to get a job.
  • For poor people of OC, there are poverty alleviation schemes and special quotas such as ‘Economically Backward Classes’ (EBC) quota etc.
  • Removing caste based reservation and replacing it with reservations based on economic status will face so much opposition and the legal fight may take decades. Instead if we slowly eliminate the system of caste, there will be a scope for the reservations based on economic status. If you too want to eliminate caste system, please sign this petition – Create ‘Humanity’ caste & allow everyone to migrate to it.
  • If there are reservations on economic basis, people who work hard for a financially stable life will feel discouraged. There will be no incentive for working hard. Some people may not work hard and just live on government benefits.
  • In India, it’s easy to hide some income resources and to get a false income certificate. Though the situations are changing for the better, it is not that difficult.
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Conclusion :-

No one deserves to take the pain for greater good (reservations). It’s time to make changes in caste based reservation system. Reservations based on the economic status is not the right solution either.

Instead of adding new communities to the reservation quotas, continuously removing people that do not need reservation benefits will ensure that the reservation benefits will reach only for deserving ones. Efforts from people like voluntarily giving up reservation also helps a lot. This process can slowly eliminate the concept of reservation.

Your Turn…

What is your opinion on this topic? Do you think reservations be based on economic basis? Express your thoughts in the comment section below. Subscribe to our blog to receive updates whenever a new post is published.

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  1. According to me I agree with them. Now a days we have been seeing it’s not happen. Generally sc/ st/ obc are getting this facilities. But we see inthis section rich people also taking this facility. School college getting this facility that is ok because they are not selfdepand. We have to see who are really poor and need by their identity. Our rain ministry have to watch about this matter otherwise never actual people will not get the facility of reservation.

  2. Reservation for SC STs on the basis of caste is for providing social justice to them because even today in confluent societies SC-ST people ,despite being economically strong , are excluded from social clubs and gatherings unless deemed as necessary or made mandatory by some means (govt norms). Situation in rural areas is worse. Reservation for SC STs is not merely a poverty alleviation measure like reservation for non creamy layer OBCs.
    While reservation on the basis of economic status seems to be the ultimate solution, it has many logistical issues.
    Foremost is identifying the target group poor and vulnerable (as per data most people belong to SC ST OBC) on the basis of income. As only 3% indians pay income tax, meaning 97% people’s income is not taxable i.e. earn less than 5 lack per year which seems rather simplistic. And off course we can not identify these 97% as eligible for reservation, not 75%, not even 50%. It’s very easy to evade tax and get fake income certificates than to fake caste certificate.
    Incidence of tax evasion will increase, it may promote corruption in government offices, bribery in issuing certificate and recruitment will leave poor completely out of the competition. A new race to show poor while reaping benefits of reservation will start,. SHOWBIZ OF POVERTY IN PLENTY.
    So I believe a well balanced strategy which includes both caste and income parameters together can be a better solution if not the best.

  3. Government only separate the people in the caste bases, on that time Dr B R Ambedkar JI started providing reservation for the sc st community its for only 15 years if any improvement are seen then it can be cancelled.but now a day’s they are rich people compared to general category people. now no govt has come to forward for cancel. Reservation it requires based on economic status, but it also not worthy it can also got by creating duplicate first govt start avoid providing reservation. Based on marks they will get seat .

    1. I agree to what u said except for the thing that there are rich SC STs as compared to others. No. Such cases are very less. Just becoz “some” of them are rich, u can’t ignore the rest who struggle for their living.

  4. I want amendment in the reservation of sc/st. I want that rich community of sc/st should not get, means for those sc/st whose annual family income is greater than some limit should not be eligible for reservation. What is your opinion plz, comment…

    1. Rich belonging to SC or ST do not take it. At least the thinkers dont. They would rather work hard themselves and get what they diserve.

      1. But that never happens my friend….there is no one in the world who would refuse privileges they are getting, life is not a bollywood movie

        1. Its true, I know even middle class sc st who do not avail reservation. But it happens only when they are aware of what reservation actually is and why it was made.

    1. NO, strong disagreement, Reservation should not be there at all. Once the casteism ends, reservation too should end. For economically weaker sections there are many government facilities which they avail and enroll in and get free education, food and living expenses.

      1. Smita, I can’t agree more with you.
        Casteism is the root of all evil in India.
        We must put in efforts to end it. Ofc its gonna be a long journey, but it’s the only way to ensure real equality in India.

  5. According to me the reservation on basis of economic status is justified because there are many people in this country who are from General category but are financially weak. There are many people who deserve better chance to prove themselves but just that they are from general category they miss that opportunity. In India though the ritual of reservation is going on from long time there is need to make some modifications like provision to willingly give up reservation and only one time availing it in one generation moreover only giving it till education level and not in government jobs.
    According to me reservation on any basis is detremental to country’s progress like India where we have the highest percentage of human resource in working age and our efforts should be to make them capable and skilled and not to give them ready made food so that they will forget how to earn it.

    1. According to me the reservation on the basis of economic status is highly unjustified because there are many policies in this country for financially weak sections. They did not face any oppression and can avail complete education without paying a rupee including hostel fee and food expenses. And fake income certificates are easy to get which is why EWS reservation is the very wrong move for govt. The reservation was made to kill casteism, not only for poverty. Reservation in government jobs is necessary to ensure there is fair representation from all communities. It is there to have a representation of underprivileged in govt, its there to avoid monopoly of upper caste.

  6. I think reservation must be based on economical status because those who are belonging to upper caste economically weaker section they will not get any opportunity from government. As we know in our society we have equal rights to explore ourselves, then why should only st ,sc got this huge opportunity in education and employment sector, they also have equal rights to grab this reservation quota in some percentage. And today we are more literate and our society is much more educative than ancient time, so why should we will discriminate between lower caste and upper caste people. We are living in 21st century and we should needed to more focus on technology development not on such cheap discrimination between caste system. That’s all thank you.

    1. Ya you may be right but in my point of view we should not discrinate the reservation completely it should be modified because those people who are still now sound with their economy and educational background.I agree with you that the reservation should be the basis of economical status besides caste or communities.because every community have poor and rich people.reservation should be given to those who have nessecity.

    2. Right, there must be equality. Equality will be there when 70% Indians I.E. Sc st obc in India hold 70% share business even without reservation and when that 70% should be able to get admission in IITs etc without reservation when they are able to hold property and businesses too. When that happens, when 70% people of India who are sc st and obc are educated and privileged to have equal opportunities and equal exposure as general category people, then end reservation entirely for good.🙂 then the policies must be made to uplift poor. Reservation isn’t necessary. The reservation was made to kill casteism and oppression and have equal representation in govt. So, the reservation is to establish equality. As soon as equality is established, finish it off once and for all.

  7. In my point of view,reservation policy on caste basis should not be abolished rather it should need bit of modification. Reservation should be there in upliftment of people who deserve rather than giving them ready made solution or ie seats in colleges or schools.let us take an example there are two children with same age, height and so on,a sweet jar is just kept to a height one child is able to take out sweets with his or her own initiatives but another is not able to get we must not carry the weak child and directly reach to the jar instead we should teach her or train her to reach the destination..

  8. According to me caste reservation system should be based on economic status. SC and ST people they have already uplifted their status , earlier they are not economically sound but they have got government job and their children goes to school, inspite of that they are enjoying the government facilities. But many families are there ,they are not financially sound inspite of that they are getting the chance in reputed school or government job, may be in the house no male members are there , they are not getting the chance because of they are general caste. So the day has come to change the caste reservation system. After independence long time passed but no government take initiative to change the reservation system because of vote bank. Those required they should get the facility, for example a woman can get married a SC or ST people because she knows her next generation they will get all the reservation facility but they are financially sound otherwise one poor man he is not getting the chance. Government should take initiative and change the reservation system.

    1. Reservation is to kill the practice of casteism. If there is no casteism, remove it. But watch out, media won’t show any such news even if it is present. Mostly look at government, most of people there are of upper caste. Hardly anyone from lower caste is promoted. Reservation is to avoid monopoly of upper caste in govt for then it would be biased. Well, I would agree that there be an income ceiling but even that should be done with research survey. How many should avail and how many should not. with population of 1.3 billion, not everyone is gonna get IIT or govt jobs…SO, there is competition and very tough. If there is no reservation everything will ultimately go to upper caste cuz nearly of them have good educational backgrounds. But poor and underprivileged not only lack good income but also have meagre or no education. For India’s upliftment, not only poverty but casteism needs to end everywhere even in villages only then should reservation be removed. For now there can be made some modifications in policies after a research survey is done.

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