Population Control Bill – Pros & Cons

population control bill pros and cons


  • The ‘Population Control Bill‘ (Population Regulation Bill) was introduced in Rajya Sabha in the year 2019.

What is Population Control Bill:

  • This bill recommends incentives in government jobs, subsidies and extra benefits under the public distribution system for those with two or fewer children. Other people will be denied these benefits. Moreover, they will not have a chance to become elected representatives.

Pros of Population Control Bill:

  • Incentivizing small families can motivate people to have fewer children and thus can control the population. According to United Nations projections, India may surpass China’s population by 2027. So, this law can help in buying time.
  • This bill applies to everyone including policymakers. So, everyone will follow the rule instead of just common people.

Cons of Population Control Bill:

  • Still, many families in India want a male child. So, denying government benefits to families with more than two children can result in more sex-selective abortions. China also witnessed increased female foeticide incidents during the time of the one-child policy. So, that may happen in India too.
  • In India, many women do not have a say in family matters even now. So, with this law, they may even lose control over their body because the male head of the family may control the women’s bodies to avail government benefits.
  • It is proved that the educated couples are giving birth to fewer children. So, increasing the allocation of resources to education, awareness of family planning, better healthcare facilities and the easy availability of contraceptives is very much important than passing the population control bill.
  • Lack of awareness and lack of availability of contraceptives result in more children. So, punishing the people with no awareness will be the mistake of the government.
  • Most of the people with more than three children are poor people. So, denying subsidies and benefits of government schemes will push them into more poverty and may result in hunger deaths.


The population control bill will have more negative consequences than positive ones if it is implemented. So, it’s better to work on improving literacy levels, healthcare services and the availability of contraceptives instead of making this bill into law.

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