What is section 498A of IPC :-

  • Indian Penal Code 498A, 1983 is a criminal law which states that,“Whoever, being the husband or the relative of the husband of a woman, subjects woman to cruelty shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine. The offence is Cognizable, non-compoundable and non-bailable.
  • This act doesn’t require proofs, because it’s hard to prove violence within homes.
  • Wife or her relative can file 498A on husband and his family.

In Favor of 498A :-

  • According to World Health Organization (WHO), one in three women suffer domestic violence and 40% women killed worldwide are victims of life partners.
  • There are lot of cases of in-laws harassing daughter-in-law.
  • Patriarchal system in India is tends to ill-treat women. This law instills fear in erratic husbands and in-laws.
  • In India, it is obligatory for bride to live in in-laws home. So, grooms relatives have the chance to harass her. 498A provides legal protection.
  • Many victims suffer in silence with the fear of society. 498A helps victims to come out of abusive relationships.

In Against to 498A :-

  • Under this section, husbands and his relatives are treated as guilty until their innocence is proved. It is instilling fear in innocent people too.
  • Victims are not always the woman. Men can also be victims of domestic violence. But there is no law to protect them.
  • Lots of false cases are being filed. As a result innocent families are suffering with no mistake of theirs.
  • Persons that file false 498A cases are rarely punished. Innocent family’s suffering is rarely addressed.
  • Senior citizen in-laws and minors are also getting arrested under this law.
  • Supreme court termed misusing of 498A as ‘legal terrorism’.
  • Sisters and mothers are dragged to courts in the name of influencing husband. In many cases married sisters living far away are also facing legal harassment.
  • Wife can drag husband’s family to court. But husband has no right to the same, even if there is too much involvement of wife’s parents in their married life.
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Conclusion :-

Section 498A of IPC came into force in India after witnessing a lot of dowry deaths. This law is helping lots of women, who are trapped in abusive relationships. It can’t be scrapped totally because of its misuse. In fact every law is prone to misuse. But 498A needs to be modified, because of its discriminatory nature. No innocent person deserves to be harassed legally. We need gender neutral laws.

Your Turn…

Do you think 498A is serving its purpose? Express your thoughts in the comment section below. And subscribe to our blog to read answers to the trending GD topics.

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  • Sanjay Srivastava, Jun 16, 2019 @ 12:28 pm Reply

    I think the law is not serving the intended purpose. Because the law is neither protective not curative. Rather it is destructive for marriage. In India, the real victims are often vulnerable woman lacking education who largely depend on their husbands for living and social status. Consequently, they continue to suffer.on the other hand, it gives immense power to some other women to come out of marriage with their own terms and conditions which involves attracting hefty money and custody of children if they are there. It is only done when a woman decides to end the marriage for the prime reasons of incompatibility and extramarital relations. It is not a gender biased law in totality since many who are arrested are women (mother, sister of husband).It is in fact a wife or daughter in law biased law. It assumes that wife never lies when she speaks about the misconduct of her husband (though in other instances she also can lie). On the other hand mother in law or sister in law would always lie when they speak to defend themselves. Hence, it is not a gender biased law.

  • Deepak Kumar, Nov 28, 2016 @ 6:24 pm Reply

    As per me i dont think its doing so for it is meant.
    Women still there in the coountry who is begging for their right either in the name of dowry or against tripple talak which made the the life worst for women where women are treated as a thing ,where women are indirectly raped if she wants to return back to her husband to perform halala which is the worst practise i have ever had . despite prevailing 498 gov must think on these burning issue where ppl one side demanding of women empowerment keeping halala (worst practise )i have ever had in other hand.

  • Ali haider, Oct 18, 2016 @ 2:34 am Reply

    According to me its not serving its purpose as in most cases where women are beaten by their husband or by the relative of her husband or by the parents of her husband.This case is more likely increasing in india at a large rate.
    The most common example that i want to highlight is Dowry system.womens are beaten or they are physically tortured to bring the dowry from their home.The women who are illterate who dont have any idea of what the ipc 498a is are the ones who are facing issues in their daily routine.The women should be at first given education.And if they are concern about ipc then its going to be prove really helpfull to them if they face all these sorts of issues afterwards.

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