• On 5th August 2019, the Indian government passed Jammu & Kashmir Reorganisation bill (2019), which divided Jammu & Kashmir state into 2 union territories – Jammu & Kashmir (union territory with state legislature), Ladakh (union territory without state legislature).


  • Bifurcation can result in better governance, more efficient administration. It can also help in tackling terrorism.
  • Taking unilateral decisions is sometimes important because dialogue and all the other ways did not work till now.
  • When Jammu&Kashmir was one state, Ladakh felt alienated. Its ecological and cultural uniqueness was not given enough importance and was often neglected because the culture of Ladakh and J&K are very different. Thereby people of Ladakh are demanding the bifurcation from a long time. Ladakh’s local leaders feel that their region was politically neglected by the administration at J&K. So, bifurcating is a good decision. Moreover, tourism and film shootings faced obstacles due to the militancy in J&K. Now as Ladakh is a separate UT, it can boost its economy.
  • The Indian government announced that J&K will be turned into a state once the situation becomes normal. So, we can consider the UT status of J&K as temporary.

Negative Side:

  • Bifurcation of Jammu & Kashmir was done without consulting the people and local leaders of the state. Moreover, there was a blackout of communication channels and media, so they had no possibility of expressing their views. This sends a wrong message to the people and is against the democratic principles of India. It is also against the federal principles, which guarantees rights to states. Moreover, on the same day, Article 370 was revoked, so this may make local people feel like they have no say in the decisions that impact them.
  • This may set as a bad example for the succeeding governments. Downgrading the status of a state to union territory can be taken as a precedent. For example, If the state government is ruled by a different party from the center, and if center want to take control of the state, this incident can be shown as example to do so.
  • This step may be used by separatists to influence youngsters in acting against Indian government.
  • Further division of Ladakh into 2 districts – Leh and Kargil on religious basis is facing criticism from the local people. This move could have been avoided to preserve unity.


  • Ladakh has already faced neglect from J&K. Now, it came directly under the center rule because it is now a union territory. The main task before the central government is to bring the development in Ladakh in the way the local people want. The ecologically sensitive areas should be prioritised before taking up infrastructure projects. If their views are not taken into consideration, there will be no use of making it as a UT.
  • The big challenge before the Indian government is to bring a change in the perception of J&K people. Elections should be conducted in J&K as soon as possible to make people of J&K feel that their state is in their own hands and they have a say in the decisions that impact them.


Dividing the Jammu & Kashmir state into 2 Union territories helps in better governance. Taking steps to develop both the regions as soon as possible is the need of the hour.

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  • SUSHIL, Oct 4, 2020 @ 11:06 pm Reply

    it is really a bad decision if we see in the context of social justice and fundamental rights. But existence of a state government was not working for the betterment of future of state. For making future of children of j&k it was require bring a big change. otherwise they could follow same what old so called leaders wanted. Infrastructure development and implementation of law and order will set new platform of social justice. development is necessity of human being, and the people of jammu was not going toward that by choosing a state government. so Indian central government intervene in this and bifurcated j&k at two UT that is Jammu and Kashmir and Laddakh .. thank you

  • Priyavrat Kumar, Mar 30, 2020 @ 10:46 pm Reply

    According to my point of view, the bifurcation of the Jammu and Kashmir into 2 union territories (Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh) will help in improving the law and order situations across the concerned regions. It supports the Indian government in Exhilarating and Ecstatic manner.

  • Kunal, Feb 20, 2020 @ 2:16 pm Reply

    bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir is taken decision taken by the union of government is very good I appreciate this because due to the cultural heritage of ladakh it secure because due to their day before the bifurcation there under the Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir government always nikat their cultural and their social and evaluate and also this also give the piece the the peace to the union union territory which is also a tourist spot and also a film shooting spot and which help in India to growing in The tourist area also and if we see if I speak a forward there is an

    • Priyavrat Kumar, Mar 30, 2020 @ 10:49 pm Reply

      I am also agree with you.

  • pardeep, Oct 14, 2019 @ 4:57 pm Reply

    Bifurcation is the very important step taken by the Indian government in order to maintain the piece in the state of J&K, and give the chance to the Ladakh people to do the development in their territory without facing any disturbance from the other part of the state. Now, the people of the Leh and Ladakh are free to work as their culture is totally different form the J&K, and they feel more secure.

  • AMAN PRAKASH, Sep 2, 2019 @ 7:50 pm Reply

    The most salient feature of bifurcation is that the children in J&K and Ladakh will be able to continue their studies and this will lead to better employment opportunities to them in the state and rest of India.

    • Rohit kuntal ku, Nov 7, 2019 @ 6:36 am Reply

      I think govt. Of India has taken a good decision for j&k and laddak development by dividing into the union territory as we know j&k people faces lot of terrorism and so economy of laddak also face it because is good place to visit so many people come there to see the beauty of laddak but they feel unsecure because of terrorism in j&k but now people of laddak has there own constituency so they can live there own life if I talk about j&k the abrogation of article 370 can improve the status of J&K

  • Saurabh, Aug 26, 2019 @ 1:38 pm Reply

    In my view Bifurcation of J& K is good and bold step taken by central govt. It will help in development of ladakh which was neglected when administration was at J & K. The administration will improve as the areas will be directly governed by central govt. It will help in curbing the terrorist activities in Kashmir which used to be shelter place for terrorists. Also it will help in controlling the cases of stone pelting as now the decisions will be taken in the centre since article 370 has also been abrogated. Govt. should ensure that after bifurcation of J &K people should get more opportunities, better governance and administration. It is the responsibility of the govt. to make people of J & K feel safe and secured and have better development in the area in terms of infrastructure and industrial development which will also generate employment for people living there.

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