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- In 2017, three fathers filed a petition in Supreme court (SC) to ban the use of firecrackers as they are worried about the impact of deteriorating air quality on the health of their children. In that year, the SC imposed a ban on selling firecrackers in Delhi, which accounts for 25% of the firecrackers market.
- In 2018, SC ruled out the blanket ban and allowed the use of firecrackers between 8 pm to 10 pm during Diwali, other festivals and weddings. And it also allowed their use from 11:55 pm to 12:30 pm on Christmas & New year. SC permitted the sale of green firecrackers in Delhi. Online sale of firecrackers is banned.
In Favour – Firecrackers should be banned:
- These firecrackers are one of the main reason for alarmingly increased air pollutions in the country.
- The crackers regulated in the market comprises of chemical components like saltpetre, carbon and sulphur. When these are ignited altogether, hazardous oxides of gases are emitted which causes suffocation, reduces visibility and other health hazards. Medical experts state that the air gets contaminated with toxic gases and remains for days after Diwali. The toxic elements that reach the lungs, cannot be removed thereafter and can cause grave health issues. This will cause long-term effects on children.
- The animal kingdom which mainly includes the domestic cats and dogs in the urban areas suffer serious traumas from the booms of the crackers. To spare them from these sudden bombarding noises, the ban on firecrackers will be a benefit to them.
- As the sale of firecrackers falls, the markets for other Diwali products like sweets, diyas, lights or garments sky-rise all the more. The vendors of these products can make a profit in the maximum of their ability.
- These days high-decibel firecrackers are the hype. This is causing a lot of noise pollution and may impact hearing ability.
- Banning of firecrackers in some places currently having pollution at its peak like Delhi-NCR will obviously bring down the poisonous emission of gases which has deadly effects on the entire balanced ecosystem. The highest level of the particulate matter recorded in Delhi was 2.5 in the year 2016, which indeed made Delhi the most polluted city in the world in terms of air pollution. The “Central Pollution Control Board” also stated that the level of sulphur dioxide in the air gets tremendously high between 9 p.m. till midnight during Deepavali.
Against – Firecrackers should be banned:
- Almost 3 lakh people were employed under the firecracker industry in these places, and 5 lakh people in packaging, transporting, distributing and selling these crackers. Thus, the ban would also mean huge unemployment in these states.
- Bursting crackers on Diwali has always been on the to-do-list in every family. A Deepavali without firecrackers will definitely be a cut-down in entertainment and recreation for the kids, as well as the elders.
- with the ban, the religious sentiments get triggered too. In 2017, the Hindu community raised questions on the ban of Christmas trees on Christmas, or slaughter of lamb on Eid, or colours on Holi etc., thinking it to be against their communal practices.
Burning of firecrackers during Diwali is increasing exponentially year by year. An increasing number of middle-class families, growth of consumeristic attitudes, population growth are all contributing to the increasing usage of firecrackers. Restrictions on high-decibel and highly polluting firecrackers are a reminder to everyone on the noise and air pollution caused by burning firecrackers.
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