- Deepavali or Diwali – the festival of lights, massively celebrated across the country with bright lights for a spectacular lit decoration, delicious sweets for the hunger curbs, heart-warming family get-togethers and firecrackers spreading light and bursting in symphonies.
- Now these firecrackers are the primary reason of alarmingly increased air pollutions in the country during Deepavali. To bring the situation under control, Supreme Court has suspended the sale of firecrackers in a few states including Delhi – NCR.
In favor :-
- Banning of fire crackers in some places currently having pollution at its peak like Delhi-NCR, will obviously bring down the poisonous emission of gases which has deadly effects on the entire balanced ecosystem. The highest level of particulate matter recorded in Delhi was 2.5 in the year 2016, which indeed made Delhi the most polluted city of the world in terms of air pollution. The “Central Pollution Control Board” also stated that the level of sulphur dioxide in the air gets tremendously high between 9 p.m. till midnight during Deepavali.
- The crackers regulated in the market comprises of chemical components like saltpeter, carbon and sulphur. When these are ignited altogether, hazardous oxides of gases are emitted which causes suffocation, reduces visibility and other health hazards. Medical experts states that the air gets contaminated with toxic gases and remains for days after Diwali. The toxic elements that reach the lungs, cannot be removed thereafter, and can cause grave health issues.
- The animal kingdom which mainly includes the domestic cats and dogs in the urban areas suffer serious traumas from the booms of the crackers. To spare them from these sudden bombarding noises, the ban on firecrackers will be a benefit to them.
- As the sale of firecrackers fall, the markets for other Diwali products like sweets, diyas, lights or garments sky-rise all the more. The vendors of these products can make a profit in the maximum of their ability.
- The ban of crackers is imposed on Delhi and NRI and continues till 1st November 2017 to check the pollution levels pre and post Diwali. In 2016, the statistics showed that 1000-plus micrograms per cubic meter of fine particulate matter had been suspended in the air. Thus, the Supreme Court bench, comprising of justice A K Sikri, A.M. Sapre and Ashok Bhushan mentioned “to test itself to find out whether there would be a positive effect of this suspension, particularly during Deepavali period.“ regarding the ban.
- These days high-decible firecrackers are the hype. This is causing a lot of noise pollution and may impact hearing ability.
- The ban has been a nightmare for the manufacturers of firecrackers this year. The retailers of Delhi and Sivakasi of Tamil Nadu, which are the largest manufacturer of fireworks, has been protesting against this ban as several of their stocked goods are getting wasted. Almost 3 lakh people were employed under the firecracker industry in these places, and 5 lakh people in packaging, transporting, distributing and selling these crackers. Thus, this ban would also mean a huge unemployment in these states. The Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) also states that this drastic ban would affect the Delhi traders more than the neighboring states.
- Bursting crackers on Diwali has always been on the to-do-list in every family. A Deepavali without firecrackers will definitely be a cut-down in entertainment and recreation for the kids, as well as the elders.
- As the ban says no-selling-firecrackers-this-Diwali, the religious sentiments get triggered too. The Hindu community raised questions on ban of Christmas trees on Christmas, or slaughter of lamb on Eid, or colors on Holi etc., thinking it to be against their communal practices as it got banned during Deepavali.
- A ban on selling crackers in the markets does not stop the civilians from purchasing them online; and in this tech-swayed generation, online buyers are in plenty.
- Although the Supreme Court has its best intentions in banning the firecrackers, the passed order is not full-proof in its application. The order nowhere says the ban of burning of firecrackers. People are allowed to burn crackers which were stocked up earlier. Also, the neighboring states of Delhi-NCR stated no such bans on crackers. Thus, it will be no surprise if people bought crackers from those areas to burn them during Diwali and hence, making the whole purpose of the ban redundant. This would also lead to a huge loss in the trade of firecrackers in Delhi and NCR, corresponding to the other cities in competition.
Burning of firecrackers during Diwali is increasing exponentially year by year. Increasing number of middle class families, growth of consumeristic attitudes, population growth are all contributing to the increasing usage of firecrackers. Restrictions on high-decible and highly polluting firecrackers are a reminder to everyone on the noise and air pollution caused by burning firecrackers. But the complete ban may not be effective and will definietly lead to protests.
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